The design of new schools should facilitate the use of audiovisual resources by ensuring that the materials used in the construction of the buildings provide adequate sound insulation and acoustical and viewing conditions in all learning spaces. The facilities to be considered are: electrical services; electronic services; light control and… Science. This dissertation is concerned with the optimal design and dispatch of a DER system installed at an industrial or commercial building. An optimization model that accurately captures typical utility costs and the physical constraints of a combined cooling, heating, and power CCHP system is designed to size and operate a DER system at a building.
When it is completed, it will free hectares of land currently used for the existing WRPs and pumping stations. Besides, the intended centralisation of water treatment at one WRP will be more cost effective. PUB Singapore Concept to improve air quality in urban centers in Syria The main idea is to increase the green area by committing enterprises to plant a certain amount of trees proportional to their energy consumption levels.
The fact that Syria is facing serious environmental challenges, particularly an increasingly deteriorating air quality, was decisive for the development of this project. By enhancing the role of these parties, the project seeks to increase anti-pollution options to compensate pollution resulting from enterprises.
The project promotes environmental responsibility within the business community and creates a link between profit-oriented activities and environmental benefit. Since Thailand is facing immense social and environmental challenges related to energy, the project presenters aim at increasing the use of sustainable energy sources in the north eastern part of the country in order to improve the living conditions of the population in the target areas. This is to be achieved by strengthening the capacity of selected NGOs, local authorities, educational institutions and local renewable energy technology suppliers.
Another important step is the decentralization of Thai energy planning by involving the civil society in the management of the energy sector and thus causing people to analyze energy problems by themselves.
Through dialog, national governmental institutions are mobilized to adopt this concept of sustainable energy planning. Appropiate Technology Association Thailand Renews at Work - Demonstration of utilization of small sell wind and solar Energy Club Environmental Association has its own division dealing with renewable energy sources. From the end of the nineties Energy Club was planning to revive a project in which the use of renewable energy sources RES is demonstrated and understandable for the public.
Their aim was to find a place where RES technologies can be seen on a small scale on the order of a household. The second aim was the support of undeveloped, isolated farms where no source of energy is available. This farm is located near Budapest, which makes it ideal for demonstrative purposes. It is easily accessible and has many tourists. Energy Club represents itself on occasions organized in the farm, gives lectures on RES and invites school groups for demonstrations. There are about schools without current, so the students cannot be educated properly.
Likewise many households are without electric power. Women have to gather wood in order to cook. The smoke caused by open fire also has adverse health effects. The aim of the project is to install solar systems that supply electricity.
The project also provides the opportunity for residents to learn how to use, install and maintain these solar panels. The Facing the Future project also designed affordable solar panels. The households of Naria Khoria are without electricity or clean drinking water.
With the aid of these it is possible to guarantee a decrease of environmental pollution, safe and clean drinking water, and an improvement of hygienic conditions and livelihood.
Its aim is to create a role model for other rural regions facing the same problems. Alternative Energy Development Board AEDB , Government of Pakistan Fire Pakistan The Paper Market in Morano Calabro Within an environmental education project, the secondary school in Morano Calabro, a small town in southern Italy, decided to find a technological solution by constructing stands for the annual traditional school market by using recycled materials.
The material they concentrated on was laminated cardboard from envelopes for milk or juice. The design idea was to build a double curved shell that would be stable enough to cover the required space without using other materials. The adaptation of the chosen material was quite easy. Using lightweight structures has double benefits. Using less material to resolve a spatial task is per se an environmental improvement as less embedded energy is spent for the realization of the building.
Furthermore, lightweight structures can be lifted or manipulated more easily by a less persons without difficult apparatus. This situation is reflected in the County of West Sussex, where members are concerned with the financial investment required by operations for the procurement of contracts coupled with the ever-increasing waste handling infrastructure.
Doorstep interviews conducted as part of the waste awareness initiative indicated that residents would like to receive more information about waste issues and how they can help directly in their household. The results also clearly showed that residents believed that this information should come directly from the local authority. The consultation process provided a sound benchmark for future work. It also confirmed that the delivery of a complete Waste Prevention Package containing all prevention opportunities and messages should be delivered directly to every household.
It pulls together all the waste prevention initiatives in one comprehensive booklet to enable residents to take action individually. LUTW has pioneered the use of solid-state lighting SSL technology in the developing world and continues to be the leader in spearheading efforts to bring SSL technology to those most in need. LUTW lamps use white light emitting diodes powered by renewable energy to produce light, requiring as little as one watt per lamp, a dramatic reduction relative to current fluorescent and incandescent technologies.
Just as importantly, this appropriate technology is affordable and available to even the poorest of villagers, most of whom have previously been obliged to use inefficient, unhealthy and carbon-intensive fuel-based lighting.
Kerosene, a primary lighting fuel in the developing world, causes heavy local and indoor air pollution, resulting in illnesses and death, and also poses extreme fire hazards.
The zone is 21 square kilometers in size, representing 1. Certain vehicles, notably taxis, motorcycles and buses, are exempt from the charge. Before the introduction of congestion charging in February , traffic speeds in central London averaged 8 mph, the same as years ago, and according to the UK Department for Transport, congestion was six times as bad as a typical UK city.
It was clear that without vigorous action, these problems would continue to increase. This project aims to encourage people to think twice before using their vehicles in central London and to choose other forms of transport. Congestion charging caused a reduction of congestion; it has also encouraged people to use public transport in order to reduce air pollution.
Furthermore it benefits business efficiency by speeding up the movement of goods and people and also reduces the rate of traffic accidents. Kilimanjaro, under the tutelage of Sebastian Chuwa, a Tanzanian botanist, have been working towards building a more sustainable way of life for their communities by dedicating effort and energy towards reforesting the mountain and spreading the word about sustainability and environmental protection.
But for the past 40 years the people of Kilimanjaro have suffered a succession of setbacks that have taken a severe economic toll on the population and consequently a severe environmental toll on the mountain. The use of chemicals to combat the disease introduced pesticides into the ecosystem, polluting water sources and contributing to a loss of biodiversity. People who had come to rely on a cash income began to cut trees for income, to meet their family needs.
All of these practices have resulted in widespread deforestation on the mountain. Determined to promote awareness and do something practical to reverse the situation, Sebastian Chuwa began an outreach focused on two activities: 1 conservation education in schools, 2 tree planting initiatives. In cooperation with school administrators they decided to include environmental studies in the school curriculum and to provide school land for establishing tree nurseries.
The project arranges field trips for teachers and students to national parks to learn greater appreciation for African wildlife. For these million, darkness begins immediately after dusk.
The lack of electricity not only prevents these communities from realizing their full human potential, but also jeopardizes their already poor prospects for economic growth. Villages in these poor, land-locked countries are forced to rely on expensive fuel imports as a power source for cooking, grinding, irrigation and other needs. One relatively cheap and simple method for resolving these problems is to harness the plentiful sunlight through a reflective parabolic trough concentrator, which converts solar radiation into thermal energy.
This approach has been developed and implemented locally to cook bread. The original model successfully addressed the specific need but was difficult to construct and had no other functions. Working from this model, they developed a new trough design which is 1 easy to assemble using local skills and materials, 2 more efficient and 3 able to support multiple applications relevant to the needs of the local community.
Several of these multi-function parabolic solar concentrators were deployed in and have been automatically tracking the sun for the last six months. Parabolic Power United States Preventive measures for flood disasters in Brazil As a matter of fact weather patterns are increasingly extreme nowadays. Since Brazil has repeatedly faced severe flooding in months of exceptionally massive rainfalls, Master Tec decided to launch a project with the objective of preventing as much damage as possible caused by floods.
The first step of the project is to build Safety Surfaces in areas that are most likely to be flooded. Secondly all affected people need to be instructed that new safety measures are available and how to access and use them.
In addition, the construction of Moving Stands Platforms is planned, with the capacity to carry a great number of people and thus rescue them before it is impossible to move from the flood-stricken area.
In the near future it will even be possible to construct emergency bridges. Master Tec Constr. The pump has the capacity to convey water for irrigation or to lift water to higher levels. The source of the steam applied to the steam jet ejector can be either an electrical boiler or concentrating solar collectors. The latter method is used particularly in rural areas where electricity is not available for the generation of steam for the steam jet ejector.
The steam can also be reused domestically or to run steam turbines for electric power generation. Steam jet ejectors can even be used to convey flammable liquids, which cannot be conveyed by ordinary pumps because of electric spark dangers. Another advantage is that both steam jet ejectors and concentrating solar collectors are simple in design and can be manufactured in local markets.
HLT receives subsidies for the installation and maintenance costs of its collectors, which remain its own property. The development and greater availability of green and renewable solar thermal energy in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change have been at the forefront of objectives. The strength of the project lies especially in the awareness raising effect for solar thermal energy in Canada and the ambition to put a halt to climate change.
The hotel management decided to engage Super Solutions Pte Ltd as the energy consulant to find efficient and effective ways for the implementation of the air-conditioning needs for the two blocks. The most conventional way that most design engineers use would be to upgrade the chiller plant and install a new one for the retail block. However, Super Solutions decided to design a common chiller plant to serve both blocks.
This reduced the construction cost, improved the system efficiency and saved maintenance costs. Super Solutions s Pte Ltd Fire Singapore Gully Erosion, Nigeria In Southeastern Nigeria, catastrophic gullies are formed by surface runoff in the fine- to medium grained sands and the medium- to coarse-grained sandstone of the Anambra-Imo basin region.
Gully erosion refers to the localized removal of soil, sediments and poorly consolidated sedimentary rocks by running water to form steep-sided ravines. The pronounced erosion of the land surface causes an overall lowering of the water table. The project goal was to reduce gully erosion. The purpose was to explain the localization of gullies in the area and to design a strategy for the prevention and control of gully processes.
The project research included detailed mapping of the gully systems over a period of eight years. A microgravimetric monitoring involves a superconducting gravimeter continuously measuring at the surface of the RCL.
Early in , a second relative gravimeter was installed in the underlying cave system located 35 meters below the surface. This set up allows highlighting vadose gravity changes.
These relative measurements are calibrated using an absolute gravimeter.
ClimateArk is a massive portal website that includes a unique search engine, news tracking, commentary and links. The design of this building is based on the idea of integrating environmental technological aspects such as solar energy. So Masango Sone had to start at the very beginning. Moreover, importance is attributed to permanent access to clean water and the improvement of health care, education and infrastructure as well as to the sustainable management of natural resources within the ranch. HLT receives subsidies for the installation and maintenance costs of its collectors, which remain its own property. The government started reforms but these do not cover the rural regions at all.
In addition, biodegradation of hydrocarbons, a connatural process using Jatropha curcas, evolved as a means to eliminate crude oil spills and manage oily sludge; it is considered to be an economically viable, eco-friendly, less time-consuming solution for hydrocarbon pollution. In the near future it will even be possible to construct emergency bridges. The overall purpose of this project is to construct and demonstrate a technique using floating platforms for growing fresh vegetables, and at the same time collecting potable water. Another huge problem concerning slaughterhouses is the lack of specific and effluent sites for their toxic wastes. In the course of the project existing incandescent lamps were replaced by 14 W compact fluorescent lamps, donated by Climate Care, a UK-based environmental organisation.
When considering Level 3 fast charging equipment, demand charges at low PEV travel levels are sufficiently high to discourage adoption.
This project aims to demonstrate a sustainable and low-energy sports center and the possibility of integrating solar energy into this type of building.
As Jordan is poor in natural resources, it is totally dependent on imported oil to cover the ever increasing energy demand. As the leading developer of disk turbines today, PNGinc has pulled together a small army of developers to address the problems inherent in an affordable solar energy system for the 21st century. In particular, temporary perched aquifers can appear in the subsurface due to changes of climate conditions, diminished evapotranspiration and differences of porosity relative to deeper layers. The conventional cooler is a rectangular chamber of plastic or metal sheet that cools a room by passing air from an electric fan through pads wetted with water from the sump.
This project aims at educating the population and giving them knowledge about the danger of chemical by meeting the community leaders in order to organize trainings about environmental issues. Through dialog, national governmental institutions are mobilized to adopt this concept of sustainable energy planning.
This is to be achieved by strengthening the capacity of selected NGOs, local authorities, educational institutions and local renewable energy technology suppliers. The project promotes environmental responsibility within the business community and creates a link between profit-oriented activities and environmental benefit. The population living in this region has no ecological knowledge regarding causes of serious environmental problems. The aim of Sunny Solutions Kisumu is to expand the spread solar cooking and water pasteurizing in and near Kisumu through local enterprises to achieve here the same success as in the other parts of the country.
These relative measurements are calibrated using an absolute gravimeter. Silver cells provide the solution to obtain this cost reduction. Hydrogeological data such as flows and levels monitoring or tracer tests performed in both vadose and saturated zones bring valuable information on the hydrological context of the studied area.
When air passes through the wet pad, evaporation of water takes place, which cools the dry air. The government is well aware that a solution is needed. These committees are a tool for the communities to manage the forests jointly with the Forest Department, thereby increasing their responsibility and ownership and securing a sustainable utilization of forests and other natural resources.