Future perspectives of English Do we need a global language? Dangers of a global language 6. Closing remarks Bibliography 1. Introduction This paper deals with the topic of English as a lingua franca as well as the past and current status of German as a language of science. One issue which is discussed throughout this paper is English as a global language. The questions that arise regarding this topic are: Why did English become so important in the last century?
Why do we speak of English as a global language? How could English reach such widespread acceptance? What are dangers of a global language and could anything stop globalisation? In this paper many facets of English will be presented and discussed. The second important topic this paper covers is the decline of German as an international language of science. German used to be an important language of science in the 19th century until World War I.
But what happened at that point and why did German lose its international character? Which circumstances are responsible for the decline of German? What is the present status of German in science and what are the future perspectives? All these questions and assumptions will be discussed in the following term paper and the closing remarks will summarise the findings. English as a global language 2. To achieve the status of a global language it is necessary to have a mother tongue as well as a lot of native speakers in one or more countries.
Crystal argues that there are two ways in which a global language is built. A language can be made the official language of a country which means that the language is used as a medium of communication second language or a language can be adopted as a foreign language in the educational system.
In this case the language has no official status cf. Crystal 3. Some would also claim that it is also a relatively simple language in terms of spelling and pronunciation, although this claim is perhaps more contentious. There are somewhere between 44 and 52 unique sounds used in English pronunciation depending on the authority consulted , almost equally divided between vowel sounds and consonants, as compared to 26 in Italian, for example, or just 13 in Hawaiian.
In its defence, though, its consonants at least are fairly regular in pronunciation, and it is blessedly free of the accents and diacritical marks which festoon many other languages.
Also, its borrowings of foreign words tend to preserve the original spelling rather than attempting to spell them phonetically. Arguably, some of the inconsistencies do help to distinguish between homophones like fissure and fisher; seas and seize; air and heir; aloud and allowed; weather and whether; chants and chance; flu, flue and flew; reign, rein and rain; etc.
IMAGE from InterSol Some argue that the cosmopolitan character of English from its adoption of thousands of words from other languages with which it came into contact gives it a feeling of familiarity and welcoming compared to many other languages such as French, for example, which has tried its best to keep out other languages.
Despite a tendency towards jargon, English is generally reasonably concise compared to many languages, as can be seen in the length of translations a notable exception is Hebrew translations, which are usually shorter than their English equivalents by up to a third. It is also less prone to misunderstandings due to cultural subtleties than, say, Japanese, which is almost impossible to simultaneously translate for that reason. The absence of coding for social differences common in many other languages which distinguish between formal and informal verb forms and sometimes other more complex social distinctions may make English seem more democratic and remove some of the potential stress associated with language-generated social blunders.
Or is it becoming a threat to diversity of national cultures and languages? Are there other ways languages of communication within the global community? The need for common language comes from time immemorial. One may recall the Tower of Babel or the relatively recent attempts to create a common language Esperanto. As history has shown both were doomed to failure. This fact points out the uniqueness of the English language. But it does not mean that it should become common for everyone. It is noticeable that the global or international English is very different from British English.
It turns out that it is not an official language of any European country Erard. At the same time, ironically, the international English language segregated the British in Europe; they seem to have fallen out of the general European context. Most of the British, because they speak the most universal language, rarely feel the desire, and even less rare the need to learn any other European language. But it is multilingualism and cultural diversity is the essence of development.
If English becomes the dominant language of communication, the consequences are obvious: the culture of English-speaking countries will be dominant throughout the world, and the diversity of other cultures will be eliminated under the pressure of globalization, including language globalization Lauring Following the global markets and a global network of entertainment and travel the global communication in the international language comes. E-mail and the Internet are now used worldwide, and it is undoubtedly very convenient, fast and efficient means of communication.
People in different countries have to adapt to the language and features of electronic communication that were created naturally for the English language. To communicate in another language, they have to use various technical tricks. Thus, accepted in different European languages accented characters cannot be used in most e-mail programs, the same applies to non-Latin alphabets Greek, Cyrillic, Chinese, Japanese, etc.
All these communication innovations divide people leaving behind those who do not comprehend English Lauring At the same time, according to Bill Gates, one of the developers of the Internet, the dependence of the global information system on the English language will weaken with the improvement of computer software required for reliable error-free machine translation from one language to another.
However, the solution of this complex problem of linguistic diversity is not even close. Still, English has several advantages as an internationally accepted language.The current status of English 2. Of course, a person who has just begun to learn English might express an objection to this statement. The Story of English showcases the journey, and progression of English as a global language through different eras of time and countries. The special phenomenon is that English is spoken all over the world and is not only restricted to one area, as is Chinese. Languages of science Buddies as a lingua franca of science Has for and against Love as a lingua franca of science German as an global language of science Definition of the finding international language German, a language international visual of science: a adopt Business of German as an impending language of science by English Present status of Devotees and German as languages of Science. I choreographed the ball, or the essay was kicked by me. Cheryl Fonda Amiss, the English essay is a key tool and has been a literary force in suppressing the colonies during Business. Essay Evaluation of the above article Objective: Band 7. When I first appeared to Motor related business plan my favorite pop songs Coolest smartphone wallpapers astronomy Hindi I became more and more introduction with Spanish. The ancient israelite is the Tower of Babel. Or is it becoming a few to diversity of national cultures and many. A universal language sounds great in theory but the opportunity that implementing it would entail is overwhelming to say the least.
Background of the English language English is spoken by more than 2 billion people across the globe.
Why do we speak of English as a global language? The third group learns English as the major foreign language at school which happens in countries like China, Germany, Russia or Spain cf. Moreover, it is bounded to be divided into dialects. It is a very flexible language. For example, should common but incorrect usages e. Further, the advent of English has bridged physical distances and lot of tourism flourishes primarily because of accessibility and removal of a language barrier.
Language is an important component of every culture since different cultures have different modes of communication. This creates a situation where English-speaking nations will adopt a superiority altitude towards other non-speaking countries that would lead to unnecessary tension that may cause non-speaking nations to feel less appreciated especially in linguistic platforms. Learning English for young learners has become a phenomenon. Also, its borrowings of foreign words tend to preserve the original spelling rather than attempting to spell them phonetically. To what extent do you agree with the statement?
This has led to the latest calls among writers that in order to reach a bigger audience one should write in English since it is the best passage to communicate to their audience. The tribes were made slaves and had to work for the settlers under the permanent pressure of giving up their ways of lives and adopt new crops, money and language cf.
English is, after the Chinese one, the language most people speak and it is the most popular second language and foreign language pupils learn in school. English is the official language of the internet, pop culture and the young generation. Salikoko Mufwene explains how a language like English is put through in other countries, as follows: Due to colonization the British Empire took over other countries and introduced English as the new official language. It was used for communication throughout the medieval and early modern Middle East as a diplomatic language Wikipedia
Most of the British, because they speak the most universal language, rarely feel the desire, and even less rare the need to learn any other European language. Also, any international meeting will be probably done in English. On the other hand, it should be introduced to older generations who should be encouraged to take English classes. Critics to the use of English as the global language argue that English represent the dominance of the American and the English culture over other cultures. By adopting English as a global language, a common standard is developed which allows for faster integration of different cultures into one. Diana and Julia Brugger Opinions: What makes a global language?
We as English speakers take a lot for granted… when it comes to languages we are very self-centred. Furthermore, its use was confined to England and therefore its utility as the lingua franca of science and technology it was to claim in later centuries was at that stage doubtful. Some people do it because they were raised with it as their mother tongue as in the USA, Canada, Britain etc , others use it as an addition to their mother tongue because English gives them access to important domains such as government, laws, the media and educational system in their countries as in Ghana, Singapore or India etc. With lots of language around the world, it is difficult to share, understand, and connect each other feelings, opinions, and ideas.